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In the context of the Cold War and the global confrontation between capitalism and communism, the Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty between the United States of America and the Republic of China protected the island of Taiwan from invasion by the People`s Republic of China after the Chinese Civil War on the Chinese mainland. Speaking at the 2016 Republican National Convention in the Republican Party platform, he said: “Our relations will continue to be based on the provisions of the Taiwan Relations Act, and we reaffirm the six assurances given to Taiwan by President Reagan in 1982. We reject all unilateral steps taken by both sides to change the status quo in the Taiwan Strait, on the principle that all issues relating to the future of the island should be resolved peacefully and through dialogue and be pleasant for the Taiwanese people. If China violates these principles, the United States, in accordance with the Taiwan Relations Act, will help Taiwan defend itself. As a loyal friend of America, Taiwan deserves our strong support, including the status of a free trade agreement, the timely sale of defense weapons, including technology to build diesel submarines. [16] After the passage of the Taiwan Relations Act, the United States ruled out high-level contacts between the two governments and limited its support to Taiwan to regular arms sales. Q3: What is the Taiwan Relations Act and what role does it play in US policy towards Taiwan? A3: After Jimmy Carter`s administration recognized the PRC, Congress passed the Taiwan Relations Act in 1979 to protect the important U.S. trade and security interests in Taiwan. The TRA has provided a framework for the continuation of relations in the absence of formal diplomatic relations.

He also set out U.S. commitments regarding Taiwan`s security and authorized Congress to oversee various aspects of U.S.-Taiwan policy. The law required the president to immediately inform Congress of any expected danger to Taiwan and consult with Congress to find an appropriate response. The TRA has also authorized the continuation of trade, cultural and other relations between the people of the United States and the people of Taiwan. Each subsequent Congress has reaffirmed the TRA to ensure that the absence of diplomatic relations does not negatively affect the maintenance of strong and substantial relations between the United States and Taiwan. The law de facto authorizes diplomatic relations with government agencies by giving the AIT special powers at the level where it is the de facto embassy, and stipulates that all international agreements concluded before 1979 between the Republic of China and the United States are still valid unless otherwise terminated. An agreement unilaterally terminated by President Jimmy Carter in establishing relations with the PRC was the Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty. Austin Wang, an assistant professor of political science at the University of Nevada at Las Vegas, said Taiwanese seem divided over Biden`s remarks on the “Taiwan agreement,” based on their political leanings toward the ruling Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), which supports the vision of a Taiwan separate from China, or the more China-friendly Kuomintang (KMT). A6: The Mutual Defense Treaty between the United States and the Republic of China was in effect from March 3, 1955 to January 1, 1980. The termination of the contract terminated the obligation that both parties would have to provide military assistance and support to each other in the event of an attack. Part of the content of the contract has been incorporated into the Law on Relations with Taiwan. The TRA notes that any attempt to determine Taiwan`s future by non-peaceful means, including boycotts or embargoes, constitutes a threat to the peace and security of the Western Pacific and is of great importance to the United States.

He also notes that the decision of the United States to establish diplomatic relations with the People`s Republic of China is based on the hope that Taiwan`s future will be determined by peaceful means. US President Joe Biden`s claim of a “deal with Taiwan” is confusing as Beijing increases military pressure on Taiwan. A4: In the third US-China communiqué, signed on August 17, 1982, the US stated that “it does not attempt to pursue a long-term policy of arms sales to Taiwan”; “that its arms sales to Taiwan will not exceed, qualitatively or quantitatively, the level of arms sales delivered in recent years since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the United States and China”; and “that it intends to gradually reduce its arms sales to Taiwan, which will lead to a final solution over time.” But amid rising tensions with China, Tsai Ing-wen says the island will do what it takes to defend itself. “They think Biden`s Taiwan deal is further proof that Taiwan is just a chess piece on the chessboard, suggesting that Taiwan has no say in its own future because the deal is only between Xi and Biden,” he said. A5: Taiwan ended martial law in 1987 and held its first direct-democracy presidential election in 1996. Today, Taiwan is a fully functioning democracy, respects human rights and the rule of law, and has an open economy that made it the ninth largest trading partner of the United States in 2015, with bilateral trade between the United States and Taiwan reaching $66.6 billion. As such, Taiwan is an important partner for the United States in Asia, a robust, prosperous, free and orderly society with strong institutions that serve as a model for the region. Because there is no official agreement between Beijing and Washington on Taiwan. The bill was passed by both houses of the U.S.

Congress and signed by President Jimmy Carter in 1979 after the U.S.-Republic of China severanced relations with Taiwan. Congress rejected the State Department`s proposed bill and replaced it with language that has remained in effect since 1979. The Carter administration signed the Taiwan Relations Act to maintain commercial, cultural, and other relations through unofficial relations in the form of a non-profit corporation established under the laws of the District of Columbia — the American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) — without official government representation and formal diplomatic relations. [4] The Act came into force retroactively with effect from January 1, 1979. .